Name: Lampung Black Pepper
Local Name: Lada Hitam
Latin Name: Piper nigrum
Origin: Lampung, Indonesia
Pepper is a highly valued spice best known for its hot and biting flavor. Native to the Malabar Coast of India, Pepper is a perennial vine of the Piperaceae family that thrives best in warm regions with moist soil conditions. It is a climbing shrub that can grow 10 meters high thanks to its aerial roots, with broad and shiny leaves alternating around it.
Pepper has small flowers arranged in dense spikes and produces tiny berry-like fruits known as peppercorns. These berries are then sun-dried and ground to produce Black Pepper. Through the use of steam distillation, Black Pepper essential oil is extracted from dried and crushed black peppercorns.
- Black pepper is one of the most versatile spices used in virtually in all kinds of savory cooking. In order to keep their fragrance and flavor intact, they are generally ground just before preparing dishes and added at the last minutes in the recipes.
- Peppers have been used therapeutically in dentistry as an antiseptic for tooth-decay and gum swellings.
- Peppercorns are also being used as traditional medicines in treating flatulence and indigestion, however, there is little or no data to support these claims in modern medicine.